7 ways to keep healthy, happy freshwater fish
These tips will keep your water clear, fish healthy and aquarium happy
1. Float your fish for acclimation.
When introducing fish to your aquarium, do not immediately dump them into the water. Chances are, the water temperature your fish are used to swimming in is much different to the temperature in the tank, throwing the fish in directly will cause a great deal of stress and shock.
To prevent this from happening, always float your fish in the bag they come in for at least 20 minutes. This will allow the temperature of the water to slowly spread into the bag, giving your fish much longer to get used to the new temperature. After the temperature has settled you can break open the bag carefully and allow your fish to enter into the new environment of your aquarium.
2. Give them space.
Overcrowding is a huge problem in many aquariums. Although having large schools of fish looks very appealing, the more doesn’t always mean the merrier.
Overcrowding leads to many problems for your aquatic ecosystem such as low oxygen levels which decreases general health as well as increased levels of waste which will clog the filter and pollute your aquarium.
3. Condition the water regularly. Clean water to fish is clean air to humans. Polluted water to fish is living in a sealed room with a burning bag of hair and dry cow dung for humans. Don’t take the risk of using tap water. Tap water differs widely between areas and is generally treated by the government in a way to make it more suitable for human stomachs, not fish gills. Make sure you de-chlorinate your water and get it checked out with special kits before introducing it to your aquarium and putting your fish at risk.
4. Maintain proper pH levels.
A low pH means your water levels are acidic, a high pH means your water levels are alkali. A pH testing kit is the best way to check the levels of your water, this can be either a simple strip or a more complex machine, either will work. Different fish species prefer different pH levels but in general anywhere between 6 to 7.5 works.
5. Replace aquarium water regularly. A very general rule is to change 25% of your aquarium water every month. Of course, this is highly dependent on many other factors. By regularly replacing the water, you help to maintain a healthy and clean tank as well as keeping nitrate concentrations at a safe level. You can use a gravel vacuum or a large syringe to siphon out water and debris. By keeping you water clean and maintaining stable water parameters, you help to promote healthy and strong fish that will contribute to your aquatic ecosystem.
6. Maintain regular and suitable water temperatures. Any change in water temperatures can be catastrophic to your ecosystem. Never place your aquarium next to a sunny window, heaters, air conditioning vents. It may also be important to be aware of any drafts flows in your house, keep your aquarium away from any source of external temperature changing medium.
7. Regularly clean the sides of the fishtank. Green is generally associated with goodness and health but too much green is bad. Excess algae buildup on tanks clouds up the glass, makes the water murky and depletes the oxygen in the tank which can create grave concerns for you aquatic life. The aquatic plants can also be harmed by algae, don’t let your efforts spent carefully manicuring your aquatic plants go to waste because you never bother to clean up algae. If you don’t clear out algae before too much grows, they will steal valuable oxygen from your plans. There are a variety of tools to help clean algae, such as scrub brushes with long handles as well as magnets to help scrub excess algae off your aquarium.
By following these rules, your fishtank will remain clean and provide you and friends/family with endless viewing pleasure 🙂